- When was it decided there should be four gospels?
- Were gospels removed from the Bible?
- What makes the 4 Gospels Different?
- Is there any evidence for the reliability of the four gospels?
- Are the 'other' gospels historical?
- Early Witnesses to the Four-Gospel Collection
- Primary source materials on Gospels
1st Century Gospels
Gospel of Matthew: introduction; translations; Greek text
Gospel of Mark: introduction; translations; Greek text
Gospel of Luke: translations; Greek text
Gospel of John: translations; Greek text
1st or 2nd Century Gospels
Gospel of the Hebrews: only quotations survive;
Gospel of Matthias: does not survive;
Secret Gospel of Mark (see also twentieth century): links;
Codex Schoyen: links
2nd Century Gospels
Gospel of Basilides: does not survive;
Gospel of the Egyptians (Greek Gospel): only quotations survive; analysis;
Gospel of the Egyptians (Coptic Gospel): translation;
Gospel of Mary: translation;
Gospel of Truth: English;
2nd or 3rd Century Gospels
Gospel of Eve: The Gospel of Eve in Epiphanius
Gospel of Perfection: does not survive;
Gospel of Philip I (Nag Hammadi): translation;
Gospel of Philip II: Citations of the Gospel of Philip;
Gospel of Thomas (infancy): translation;
Gospel of Barnabas: main source material;
20th century Gospel
Secret Gospel of Mark (see also 1st or 2nd century): Links;
Jesus and the Eyewitnesses
By Richard Bauckham
This new book argues that the four Gospels are closely based on eyewitness testimony of those who knew Jesus.
The Gospel of Judas
by Simon Gathercole
`Judas' is synonymous with `traitor'. But a newly-discovered ancient text of the Gospel of Judas offers a picture of Judas Iscariot radically different from the Church's traditional understanding of him, and maintains that far from being the infamous betrayer, Judas was actually Jesus' trusted friend and the recipient of secret revelation. Simon Gathercole's new book includes a translation of the ancient Egyptian text of the Gospel of Judas and a running commentary, and offers new translations of all the ancient evidence about Judas Iscariot and the Gospel attributed to him... more
The Four Gospels and the One Gospel of Jesus Christ
by Martin Hengel
How could the word, 'gospel', be used both by Paul for a proclamation which seems to include no narrative about the earthly Jesus, and by the author of the Gospel according to Mark and his successors, as a title works, which adopt an essentially narrative form? Why did the church, in forming its canon of scripture, choose to include four different and sometimes contradictory accounts of the life of Jesus, when others, like Tatian and Marcion, opted for a harmony, for one account? more