- When was it decided there should be four gospels?
- Were gospels removed from the Bible?
- What makes the 4 Gospels Different?
- Is there any evidence for the reliability of the four gospels?
- Early Witnesses to the Four-Gospel Collection
- Primary source materials on Gospels
Dr. Peter Williams
P.J. Williams was educated at Cambridge University, where he received his MA, MPhil and PhD, in the study of ancient languages related to the Bible. After his PhD he was on staff in the Faculty of Divinity, Cambridge University (1997-1998), and thereafter taught Hebrew and Old Testament at Cambridge University as Affiliated Lecturer in Hebrew and Aramaic and as Research Fellow in Old Testament at Tyndale House, Cambridge (1998-2003). From 2003 to 2007 he was on the faculty of the University of Aberdeen, Scotland, where he became a Senior Lecturer in New Testament and Deputy Head of the School of Divinity, History and Philosophy. In July 2007 he became the Warden of Tyndale House, Cambridge. He also retains his position as an honorary Senior Lecturer in Biblical Studies at the University of Aberdeen.
Dr. Simon Gathercole
Dr Simon Gathercole is Editor of the Journal for the Study of the New Testament. Having studied Classics and Theology at Cambridge University, he completed his doctorate at Durham University, and was appointed Lecturer, then Senior Lecturer in New Testament at the University of Aberdeen. He is now Lecturer in New Testament at the University of Cambridge and Fellow of Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge. Some of his books include: Where is Boasting? Early Jewish Soteriology and the New Perspective on Paul, and The Preexistent Son: Recovering the Christologies of Matthew, Mark and Luke. He is an acknowledged expert on early apocryphal gospels, having written The Gospel of Judas: Rewriting Early Christianity (Oxford University Press).
Dr. Iwan Whiteley
Iwan Whiteley studied New Testament and received a PhD from Lampeter University. His thesis was entitled 'A Search for Cohesion in the Book of Revelation with Specific Reference to Chapter One'. In addition to his thesis, he has also published 'An Explanation for the Anacolutha in the Book of Revelation.' Filologia Neotestamentaria 39-40 (2007). Iwan's other research interests include the Book of Revelation, the New Testament use of the Old Testament, Linguistics, and Discourse Analysis.
Lorne Zelyck is a PhD candidate at the University of Cambridge. He has also received a ThM from Trinity Evangelical Divinity School and a MDiv in Biblical Communication from Phoenix Seminary. He is currently working on a dissertation entitled 'The Reception of the Fourth Gospel in the Extra-Canonical Gospels'. In addition to his thesis, his research interests include: theology of the fourth gospel, reception history of the New Testament, Irenaeus, early Christian heterodoxy, and oral tradition.
Dr. David Instone-Brewer
David received a PhD from the University of Cambridge. He is a Senior Research Fellow in Rabbinics and the New Testament for Tyndale House in Cambridge, England, where he also acts as Technical Coordinator. His research interest is the Rabbinic background to the New Testament with special interest in dating rabbinic sources.
James Matthews Leonard
James M. Leonard is a PhD candidate at the University of Cambridge. His PhD focuses on the early text of Matthew's Gospel. He hopes to complete his thesis in 2010, under the supervision of P.J. Williams. He has a B.A. in Church Music and Bible, and wrote his Master's thesis on Temple theology in Matthew's Gospel. He has a special interest in text and canon, Jesus and the four Gospels, and biblical theology.
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Jesus and the Eyewitnesses
By Richard Bauckham
This new book argues that the four Gospels are closely based on eyewitness testimony of those who knew Jesus.
The Gospel of Judas
by Simon Gathercole
`Judas' is synonymous with `traitor'. But a newly-discovered ancient text of the Gospel of Judas offers a picture of Judas Iscariot radically different from the Church's traditional understanding of him, and maintains that far from being the infamous betrayer, Judas was actually Jesus' trusted friend and the recipient of secret revelation. Simon Gathercole's new book includes a translation of the ancient Egyptian text of the Gospel of Judas and a running commentary, and offers new translations of all the ancient evidence about Judas Iscariot and the Gospel attributed to him... more
The Four Gospels and the One Gospel of Jesus Christ
by Martin Hengel
How could the word, 'gospel', be used both by Paul for a proclamation which seems to include no narrative about the earthly Jesus, and by the author of the Gospel according to Mark and his successors, as a title works, which adopt an essentially narrative form? Why did the church, in forming its canon of scripture, choose to include four different and sometimes contradictory accounts of the life of Jesus, when others, like Tatian and Marcion, opted for a harmony, for one account? more